Domestic Violence: 10 Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Domestic Violence in Ohio?

Under Ohio law, domestic violence is defined as any physical harm, bodily injury, or threat of physical harm or bodily injury that is committed by a family or household member against another family or household member. Domestic violence can include not only physical violence but also emotional, sexual, and economic abuse.

2. Who Is Considered a Family or Household Member for the Purposes of Domestic Violence in Ohio?

Under Ohio law, a family or household member includes any of the following individuals who are related by blood, marriage, or adoption:

  • Spouses or former spouses.
  • Parents and children.
  • Siblings.
  • Grandparents and grandchildren.
  • In-laws.
  • Step-parents and step-children.

In addition, the following individuals may also be considered family or household members for the purposes of domestic violence in Ohio:

  • Those who are cohabitating or have cohabitated in the past.
  • Those who have a child in common, whether or not they have ever been married or lived together.
  • Those who are dating or have dated in the past.

3. How Can Someone Get a Protection Order in Ohio?

In Ohio, a person seeking protection from domestic violence can file a petition for a civil protection order in the court of the county where they live or where the abuse occurred. The person seeking the protection order, known as the petitioner, must provide evidence of the abuse, such as a police report or medical records. If the court finds that there is sufficient evidence of abuse, it will issue a temporary protection order

A full hearing will then be scheduled, where the respondent (the person accused of committing the abuse) will have the opportunity to present their side of the story. If the court finds that domestic violence has occurred, it will issue a final protection order.

4. What Does a Protection Order Do?

A protection order is a court order that prohibits the respondent from engaging in certain behaviors, such as contacting or coming near the petitioner or their children. A protection order may also require the respondent to vacate the shared residence, turn over any firearms, and pay temporary support. If the respondent violates the protection order, they may be arrested and charged with a crime.

5. What Should Someone Do if They are a Victim of Domestic Violence in Ohio?

If you are a victim of domestic violence in Ohio, it is important to seek help as soon as possible. You can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline at 1-800-799-SAFE (7233) for assistance and information about your options. You may also be able to find help at a local domestic violence shelter, which can provide you with a safe place to stay as well as support and resources. Additionally, you can speak to an attorney who can help you file a police report and seek a protection order from the court.

6. What Should Someone Do if They are Accused of Domestic Violence in Ohio?

If you have been accused of domestic violence in Ohio, it is important to seek legal representation as soon as possible. A criminal defense attorney can help you understand the charges against you and advise you on your legal options. It is also important to comply with any protection orders or other legal restrictions placed on you, as violating a protection order can result in additional criminal charges.

7. How is Domestic Violence Punishable in Ohio?

In Ohio, domestic violence is punishable as a criminal offense. The severity of the punishment depends on the specific circumstances of the case, including the type of abuse and the severity of any injuries sustained. Domestic violence can be charged as a misdemeanor or a felony, with the potential for fines and imprisonment. In some cases, a domestic violence conviction may also result in losing the right to own or possess a firearm.

8. Is it Possible to Expunge a Domestic Violence Conviction in Ohio?

In Ohio, it is generally possible to expunge a criminal conviction, including a domestic violence conviction, under certain circumstances. In order to expunge a domestic violence conviction, you must meet certain eligibility requirements and follow a specific process. This may include waiting a certain amount of time after the conviction, paying any fines or restitution, and completing any required treatment or counseling. 

It is important to note that not all domestic violence convictions are eligible for expungement, and the expungement process can be complex. It is advisable to seek the assistance of an experienced attorney if you are seeking to expunge a domestic violence conviction in Ohio.

9. What Resources are Available for Victims of Domestic Violence in Ohio?

There are many resources available for victims of domestic violence in Ohio, including:

  • Domestic violence shelters: These shelters provide safe housing and support for victims of domestic violence, including counseling and help with finding permanent housing.
  • Hotlines: The National Domestic Violence Hotline (1-800-799-SAFE) and the Ohio Domestic Violence Network (1-800-934-9840) offer 24/7 support and information for victims of domestic violence.
  • Counseling and therapy: Many domestic violence shelters and other organizations offer counseling and therapy services to help victims of domestic violence cope with the emotional and psychological effects of abuse.
  • Legal assistance: Many organizations, like Timonere Law Offices in Ohio, offer low-cost legal assistance to victims of domestic violence, including help with obtaining protection orders and divorce.

10. Can Domestic Violence Be Prevented in Ohio?

There are many ways that domestic violence can be prevented in Ohio, including:

  • Education and awareness: Programs and initiatives that educate the public about the signs of domestic violence and how to get help can help prevent abuse from occurring.
  • Support for victims: Providing victims with resources and support, including shelters, hotlines, and legal assistance, can help them escape abusive situations and rebuild their lives.
  • Intervention and treatment: Programs that provide counseling and treatment for perpetrators of domestic violence can help prevent further abuse.

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It is important to remember that domestic violence is a complex issue and that prevention efforts should be tailored to the specific needs and circumstances of each community. Working together, we can all play a role in preventing domestic violence and creating a safer and more equitable society.

If you need help or have any further questions, please do not hesitate to contact our law firm. Our team of experienced attorneys is here to provide you with the support and guidance you need to navigate this difficult time.